What is Stock Breakouts

Okay, I’ve been involved in Bursa Malaysia stock only a month and all of my stock is lose. But I don’t think to sell the stock to cut loss as I still could afford the losing amount.
I’m still beginner and keep on learning about the technical and fundamental. I’m prefer on Fundamental Analysist but still learn on the technical side. In this article I’ll share about one of the method that being used by trader, the breakout.
Okay, the information is from internet so if you have known or read it, maybe you can explain properly at comment box below. So, let’s read it

What is a Breakout

A breakout is a bullish technical analysis term depicting a price move that exceeds a defined resistance level and proceeds to sustain higher prices until the next resistance level is formed. Breakouts are usually accompanied with a surge in volume indicating motivated buying demand that surpasses existing supply as prices rise. Breakouts kick start uptrends in the underlying security.

Breakout and Uptrends

Most uptrends are born from a breakout. An uptrend is a series of higher highs and higher lows sustained by momentum generated from the breakout. Breakouts are bullish price moves that “break” through a resistance level with strong volume stirring panic buying that turns into an uptrend. The breakout panics complacent short-sellers to buy-cover their positions while simultaneously pulling in buyers off the fence. The heavy volume is a strong sign of conviction as the buying frenzy spikes prices to new highs. This generates an uptrend as prices form higher highs while sustaining higher lows. Very importantly, the prior resistance level should become the new support level.


Consolidations are interpreted as an extended period of basing or base building after an immediate trend takes a “rest”. This resting period is identified by the light volume and flat to choppy price range. The longer a stock stays in consolidation, the stronger the breakout tends to be as bears get blindsided.

Time Period Breakouts

The main popular breakouts is 52 week breakouts followed by intra-day breakouts

52-Week High Breakouts

These are consistently the most widely publicized group of breakout stocks most often mentioned by media networks from financial news channels, newspapers, radio shows to local news programs. When stocks make new 52-week highs, it invites more interest from potential investors and short-sellers. However, there is also a belief that transparency is fully recognized once a stock makes the 52-week high list and profit taking is just around the corner.

Intra Day High Breakouts

These stocks show up on television tickers, online newswire services and intra-day stock scanners. Traders are more likely to pay attention to these rather than investors. These stocks are almost assured to have momentum, volume and liquidity and should be carefully followed for trading opportunities.

Type Of Breakouts

There are many breakout that we can choose such as :-

Reversal Breakouts

A reversal breakout forms when downtrending prices sharply reverse and spike higher on heavy volume. This occurs from a combination of frantic short covering and bargain shoppers flooding into the stock. The violent nature of the reversal is exemplified from the massive heavy volume. Often times, this can be caused by breaking news or rumors.
The sudden reversal occurs on heavy volume. breakout and reversal of to uptrend.

Consolidation Breakouts
Breakouts can occur after a period of consolidation. Consolidation is characterized as “flat” trading, where prices are contained within an established trading range on relatively light volume. The trading range tends to have a defined support and resistance level that can be identified with various chart indicators including trendlines and moving averages.

While consolidations imply a lack of interest, it can be thought of as the calm before the storm with one side (buyers or sellers) playing possum. The light volume represents a lack of interest and complacency, at least that is what one side wants the other side to believe. These breakouts can be form in a very subtle manner on rising volume or violently on sharp volume spikes.

Triangle Breakouts
These breakouts occur when the resistance level is flat but the support level steadily rises. This indicates that motivated buyers are becoming impatient and slowly increasing their bid prices causing the pullbacks to progressively become shallower.

Eventually, there are no more pullbacks as buyers swarm in causing prices to breakout through resistance. This pattern is also identified as an ascending triangle breakout.

Breakout Structure
There are three parts to a successful breakout. The keyword is successful. When a stock fails a breakout attempt, it results in a wiggle or a headfake. This results in a pullback again towards the support level where it may bounce again. Charting tools and indicators can be used to visually track and monitor breakouts.

For a breakout to develop, there should be a well defined price resistance level or else there is nothing to “breakout” through. Stocks that don’t have resistance levels are usually still in an uptrend. The resistance can be identified with a trendline or a moving average.
The actual breakout occurs when price rises or spikes through the resistance level on heavy volume, usually double or more volume. This can be viewed on the volume bars. Traders prefer adding a moving average line to the volume bars to track this.
The difference between a breakout and a wiggle or headfake is that the breakout sustains its price above the prior resistance level. Usually a breakout will re-test the resistance on a pullback for confirmation. If the price manages to stabilize above the prior resistance, then it becomes a new support level. A successful re-test of the new support instills confidence inviting more buyers into the stock to sustain the uptrend.

False Breakout Reversals

When headfakes occur on heavy volume, it may lead to a false breakout, which has more dire consequences. The heavy volume indicates an expensive push from confident buyers assuming the breakout is a foregone conclusion, but the greed quickly turns to fear as the initial price surge is met with even heavier sellers, causing the buyers to retreat.
False breakouts can result in a sharp trend reversal as too many longs stepped “all-in” with conviction only to get trapped. Like a boat that capsizes with too many passengers, the stock not only slips back under the prior resistance level but also collapses further through the support levels generating more panic selling.

The article is from Investorsunderground.com

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